In recent years, the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to combat climate change has been discussed. One of the areas that has come under increased scrutiny is transport, which is responsible for around 25% of global emissions (CO2).
While there is increasing adoption of electric vehicles, many cars (more than 80% of the current mobile fleet in Europe) they still use internal combustion engines that rely on fossil fuels like gasoline and diesel.
This is where eFuel comes into play.or E-Fuel as it is technically known, this is a synthetic fuel that could be the solution to keep combustion cars legal in Europe while reducing emissions.
eFuel is a synthetic fuel that produced from carbon dioxide, water, and renewable energy, such as solar, wind, or hydroelectric. The production of eFuel involves the capture of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and its conversion into methane, which is then synthesized into liquid hydrocarbons: gasoline, diesel or kerosene.
Benefits of eFuel for tomorrow
The E-Fuel production process requires a lot of renewable energy, which means that CO2 emissions are much lower compared to fossil fuels.
Besides, E-Fuel is compatible with existing internal combustion engineswhich means that gasoline and diesel cars would not need to be replaced by electric vehicles, which would mean great savings for citizens and the environment, since vehicles that are still in good working order would not be thrown away.
E-Fuel could also be beneficial for the economy, since it production of the synthetic fuel could create jobs in the energy sector and reduce the dependence of European countries on imported fossil fuels.
Although E-Fuel seems to be a promising solution, there are still challenges that need to be addressed before it can be implemented on a large scale. Synfuel production is expensive and requires a lot of renewable energy, which could increase the price of the fuel.
And while it is unlikely to be the only solution, E-Fuel could be part of a broader approach to address the climate challenges we are facing right now in the mobility sector.
According to the eFuel Alliance, the idea is to gradually replace part of the gasoline derived from petroleum with synthetic fuel. It is expected that, in 2025, e-fuel will represent 4% of each liter of gasoline refueledgoing to 42% in the year 2035. It would reach 80% in 2040 and its goal is to finally reach 100% in 2050.